-Assigned to the 8th., 12th. and 15th. Air Forces - First Fighter Group to cross the Atlantic in their own aircraft (Operation Bolero.) - First Fighter Group in 8th AF to fly missions over enemy-held territory. - Responsible for the first Axis aircraft downed in the ETO - Campaigns: American Theater (anti-submarine,) Egypt-Libya, Europe (air offensive,) Algeria, French Morocco, Tunisia, Sicily, Naples, Foggia, Anzio, Rome, Arno, Normandy, Northern France, North Apennines, Rhineland, Central Europe, Po Valley, EAME (Europe, Africa, Mediterranean) - Three Distinguished Unit Citations - Group Call Signs: "Petdog" (27th FS), "Cragmore" (71st FS), "Springcap" (94th FS) (Effective 10 Sep,1942) - "1 to 30" (27th FS), "31 to 59" (71st FS), "60 to 90" (94th FS) (Effective February, 1944) - Additional Call Signs were used , these included: "Cockney", "Doorknob", "Warrior" and "Highlife".
A 94th FS P-38 Lightning in Africa
- MARKINGS OF THE 1ST FG -
In 1943 the different squadrons began to apply specific colors to their tailbooms, wingtips and prop tips. The 27th FS Used red,(Squadron Codes beginning with HV), the 71st FS used White (Squadron Codes beginning with LM,) and the 94th FS used yellow, (Squadron Codes beginning with UN.) When the Group began receiving P-38s in their natural aluminium finish, the 71st FS changed their color to black. Red spinners were also introduced sometime in 1944. The national insignia was surrounded by a yellow circle during the time of the North Africa invasion. These were then removed and the "star and bar" was added with a red outline for a time in 1943. Thereafter the normal national insignia was used.
Douglas Campbell and Jack Ilfrey at the 1980 94th.PS Reunion. Campbell was the first ace ofthe 94th.PS in WW1, Ilfrey of WW2.